Immediate effects of a brief intervention to prevent alcohol and medication interactions among older adults

Faika Zanjani, Hannah K. Allen, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Risk of experiencing alcohol and medication interactions (AMI) is significant among older adults due to the substantial prevalence of alcohol and medication use in this segment of the population. Given the lack of community-level AMI prevention interventions for older adults, this study aimed to examine the immediate effects of a brief, pharmacy-based intervention to prevent AMI among older adults, as well as assess differential effects by past-month drinking status. A convenience sample of 134 adults aged 59 and older was recruited from four pharmacies in rural Virginia. Participants were assessed on their AMI awareness, intentions and importance prior to and immediately after exposure to intervention materials. Findings support immediate, positive intervention effects on AMI awareness, intentions and perceived importance of AMI messaging. Changes from pre to post-test did not differ by drinking status, but participants who consumed alcohol were less likely than non-drinkers to recognize the potential consequential severity of alcohol and medication interactions at both time points. Recommendations and future research to prevent AMI are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Education Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) [grant number 1K01DA031764].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)


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