Immediate impact of smoke-free laws on indoor air quality

Kiyoung Lee, Ellen J. Hahn, Carol Riker, Sara Head, Peggy Seithers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Smoke-free laws significantly impact indoor air quality. However, the temporal effects of these laws on indoor air pollution have not been determined. This paper assesses the temporal impact of one smoke-free law on indoor air quality. This quasi-experimental study compared the indoor air quality of nine hospitality venues and one bingo hall in Georgetown, Kentucky, before and after implementation of a 100% smoke-free workplace law. We made real-time measurements of particulate matter with 2.5 μm aerodynamic diameter or smaller (PM2.5). Among the nine Georgetown hospitality venues, the average indoor PM2.5 concentration was 84 μg/m before the law took effect. The average indoor PM2.5 concentrations in nine compliant venues significantly decreased to 18 μg/m one week after the law took effect. Three venues having 82 μg/m before the law had significantly lower levels from the first day the law was implemented, and the low level was maintained. Compliance with the law is critical to achieving clean indoor air. Indoor air pollution in the bingo hall was not reduced until the establishment decided to comply with the law. The smoke-free law showed immediate impact on indoor air quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-889
Number of pages5
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • Fine particles
  • Indoor air quality
  • Secondhand smoke
  • Smoke-free laws

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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