PURPOSE. To compare the expression of multidrug-resistant proteins in retinoblastoma tumors among eyes treated with primary enucleation. METHODS. A group of 18 patients with unilateral retinoblastoma with advanced intraocular disease was selected for the study. All patients had undergone primary enucleation. A histologic specimen from each patient was retrieved from the pathology archives and a tissue gene microarray was constructed (0.6 x 3-4 mm). Standard immunohistochemical techniques were used to study the tissue microarrays for the expression of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters: breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP; ABCG2), multidrug-resistant protein 1/Pglycoprotein (MDR1/Pgp; ABCB1), multidrug-resistant-associated protein 1 (MRP1; ABCC1), MRP2 (ABCC2), and MRP4 (ABCC4). RESULTS. Of the 18 specimens retrieved, 16 had adequate tissue for study. MRP1 was expressed in 8 (50%) of 16 tumors, and MRP2 was expressed in 5 (31%) of 16 tumors. MDR1/Pgp was found in 2 (12%) of 16 retinoblastomas. MRP4 and BCRP were not detected in any of the tumors studied. CONCLUSIONS. The results show that multiple ABC transporters were present in a cohort of sporadic patients with unilateral retinoblastoma who underwent primary enucleation. Studies are planned of the expression of ABC transporters in eyes treated by chemotherapy and/or radiation as a comparison with this group.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science|
|State||Published - Apr 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience