Immunoreactivity of a surface wall fraction produced by spherules of Coccidioides immitis

G. T. Cole, T. N. Kirkland, M. Franco, S. Zhu, L. Yuan, S. H. Sun, V. M. Hearn

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28 Scopus citations


The membranous spherule outer wall (SOW) isolated from liquid cultures of Coccidioides immitis has been shown to elicit reactivity with human anti-Coccidioides antibody by immunofluorescence and the immunodiffusion-tube precipitin assay. The serologically reactive components were extracted from SOW with the nonionic detergent N-octyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (OG). The OG-soluble fraction of SOW was shown to be reactive with immunoglobulin G in 25 serum samples from coccidioidomycosis patients by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The isolated SOW and OG-soluble fraction of SOW were also demonstrated to be capable of eliciting lymphocyte blastogenesis. The antigenic and protein compositions of the OG-soluble fraction were examined by two-dimensional immunoelectrophoresis and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), respectively. Two antigens which were extracted from SOW were identified as antigens 2 and CS on the basis of the coccidioidin-anticoccidioidin reference system. The latter was isolated earlier and shown to correspond to a molecular mass (M(r)) of 19 x 103 by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions. This same electrophoresis band was shown to be reactive with sera from coccidioidomycosis patients by immunoblot analysis. One other SDS-PAGE component of the OG-soluble fraction of SOW with an M(r) of 66 x 103 was shown to be reactive with sera from patients by immunoblot analysis. The SOW of C. immitis represents an important reservoir of immunoreactive wall components which has not previously been reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2695-2701
Number of pages7
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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