Impact of caregiver relationship on self-care in patients with Parkinson's disease: A cross-sectional study using Riegel's theory of self-care of chronic illness

Ju Hee Lee, Misook Lee Chung, Eunyoung Kim, Jee Hye Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To explore how the characteristics of patients and caregivers affect self-care in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Design: A multicentre cross-sectional study. Method: We followed the STROBE checklist. Parkinson's disease patients aged 50 years and older and their caregivers were recruited from two tertiary hospitals and the Korean Parkinson's Disease Association website. Patient characteristics, including social support, relationship quality with caregivers, self-care efficacy and self-care, were analysed. Caregiver characteristics were also evaluated, including caregiving duration, social support, relationship quality with patients, contribution to patients' self-care efficacy and contribution to patients' self-care. Results: The characteristics of patients and caregivers (103 pairs) were hierarchically regressed into patient self-care domains (maintenance, monitoring and management). Most patients and caregivers gave a self-care efficacy and self-care management rating of moderate. In three regression models, patient self-care efficacy was positively related to three domains of patient self-care. Self-care maintenance decreased as patients' disease duration increased. Self-care monitoring was positively related to the education level of patients and caregiving duration. Self-care management showed an inverse relationship with caregiving duration and a positive relationship with caregiver contribution. Conclusion: Self-care efficacy was important in promoting PD patients' self-care maintenance, monitoring and management. The contributions of caregivers were also critical in increasing PD patients' self-care management. Implications for the profession and patient care: To increase patients' self-care efficacy and self-care, educational interventions containing information about the disease, symptom management, and problem-solving should be implemented. Since caregivers are deeply involved in patients' self-care, educational interventions for caregivers should also be provided. Impact: This study closed the literature gap by examining the self-care efficacy and self-care of Korean PD patients. Findings demonstrated the importance of caregiver roles on patients' self-care and health. Patient or public contribution: Two tertiary hospitals and the Korean Parkinson's Disease Association assisted during the recruitment process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1036-1047
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • Parkinson's disease
  • caregiver
  • self-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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