Purpose This single-center, retrospective cohort study investigated the effects of timing of initiating home neuropsychiatric medications (NPMs) on sedation-related outcomes. Materials and methods Subjects included adult medical intensive care unit (MICU) patients who had an NPM on their admission medication list; intubated before or on arrival to the intensive care unit (ICU); and were on benzodiazepine-based sedation. The intervention assessed was the timing of the initiation of home NPMs: early (≤ 5 days) vs. late (> 5 days) into the ICU stay. Results There were 56 and 53 patients in the early and late restart groups, respectively. Early cohort patients maintained a median daily RASS of − 1.5, while late cohort patients had a median daily RASS of − 2.0 (p = 0.02). The effect was driven by the subgroup of patients on home anti-depressant therapy who were restarted early on these agents. The early restart group had a higher percentage of days with RASS scores within goal (p = 0.01) and less delirium (p = 0.02). Early restarting of home NPMs was associated with a non-significant decrease in ventilator days compared with late restarting (p = 0.11). Conclusions Restarting home NPMs was associated with lighter sedation levels and less delirium.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Critical Care|
|State||Published - Feb 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: The project described was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health , through grant number UL1TR001998 . The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.
- Medication reconciliation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine