Studies have shown that mortality rates are directly correlated with emergency response times. Cardiac arrest events, trauma, and stroke are among the most time dependent. Response time, in turn, is greatly affected by traffic and procedures currently required at intersections. New technology promises more efficient flow at these locations. In particular, connected and autonomous vehicles can contribute to reductions in response times and resulting reductions in mortality. The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework and a tool for analysis of these improvements and reductions. Application of the framework for Lexington, Kentucky, USA indicate a potential three-minute decrease in response time with subsequent reduction in fatalities. Extrapolated to the USA, the savings are potentially quite significant. The paper goes on to speculate on implications for Italy.
|Title of host publication||Safety and Security Engineering VIII, 2019|
|Editors||[given name] Massimo Guarascio, [given name] Fabio Garzia, [given name] Mara Lombardi, [given name] Giorgio Passerini|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 2019|
|Event||8th International Conference on Safety and Security Engineering, SAFE 2019 - Ancona, Italy|
Duration: Sep 23 2019 → Sep 25 2019
|Name||WIT Transactions on the Built Environment|
|Conference||8th International Conference on Safety and Security Engineering, SAFE 2019|
|Period||9/23/19 → 9/25/19|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Joe Nugent and Todd Samuelson from the Lexington Fire Department. We are also thankful to A.M. Hasibul Islam and Riana Tanzen for reviewing literature. This research was partially sponsored by Dwight D. Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Joe Nugent and Todd Samuelson from the Lexington Fire Department. We are also thankful to A.M. Hasibul Islam and Riana Tanzen for reviewing literature. This research was partially sponsored by Dwight D. Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program.
© 2019 WIT Press.
- Connected and autonomous vehicles
- Emergency response times
- Virtual emergency lanes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Automotive Engineering
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Safety Research
- Computer Science Applications