Impact of (Z)‐7‐dodecenol and turbulence on pheromone‐mediated flight manoeuvres of male Trichoplusia ni


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13 Scopus citations


Abstract. Turbulence and chemical noise are two factors which may influence pheromone‐mediated flight manoeuvres of a moth in natural habitats. In this study, the effects of turbulence and the behavioural antagonist (Z)‐7‐dodecenol on flight manoeuvres of male Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) were evaluated in a wind tunnel. Male moths increase airspeed and course angles when turbulence is increased. This leads to significant increases in the length of flight tracks, but significant reductions in the time taken to reach a pheromone source. In less disturbed pheromone plumes, distributions of course angles and track angles of male show a prominent peak centred about 0° relative to the upwind direction, indicating that moths can temporarily steer directly upwind toward a pheromone source. When (Z)‐7‐dodecenol is released 10 cm upwind of a pheromone source to form an overlapping plume downwind, course angles, airspeeds and ground‐speeds of male are reduced significantly compared with those in uncon‐taminated pheromone plumes. This results in a longer flight time to reach a pheromone source. The decrease in flight speed would decrease the rate of contact with filaments, and thereby perhaps allow the moth to detect uncon‐taminated pheromone filaments independently from filaments containing the behavioural antagonist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological Entomology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1993


  • (Z)‐7‐dodecenol
  • Anemotaxis
  • Trichoplusia ni
  • behavioural antagonist
  • cabbage looper moth.
  • flight manoeuvre
  • pheromone
  • turbulence
  • wind tunnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science


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