Implementation and Evaluation of a Team Simulation Training Program

Yvonne Rice, Mary Deletter, Lisa Fryman, Evelyn Parrish, Cathie Velotta, Cynthia Talley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Background: Care of the trauma patient requires a well-coordinated intensive effort during the golden hour to optimize survival. Purpose: We hypothesized that this program would improve knowledge, satisfaction, self-confidence, and simulated team performance. Methods: A pre-, post-test design with N = 7 BSN nurses, 21 years of age, less than 2 years of intensive care unit and nursing experience. Setting: Trauma intensive care unit, single-center academic Level 1 trauma center. Results: Improvement was shown in perception of team structure (paired t test 13.71-12.57; p =.0001) and communication (paired t test 14.85-12.14; p =.009). Improvement was shown in observed situation monitoring (paired t test 17.42-25.28; p =.000), mutual support (paired t test 12.57-18.57; p =.000), and communication (paired t test 15.42-25.00; p =.001). A decrease was shown in attitudes of mutual support (paired t test 25.85-19.71; p =.04) and communication (paired t test 26.14-23.00; p =.001). Mean satisfaction scores were 21.5 of a possible 25 points. Mean self-confidence scores were 38.83 out of a possible 40 points. Discussion: Simulation-based team training improved teamwork attitudes, perceptions, and performance. Team communication demonstrated significant improvement in 2 of the 3 instruments. Most participants agreed or strongly agreed that they were satisfied with simulation and had gained self-confidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-303
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trauma Nursing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Society of Trauma Nurses.


  • Health care
  • Simulation training
  • Team training
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency
  • Critical Care
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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