Implementation evaluation of a professional development program for comprehensive school physical activity leaders

Russell L. Carson, Ann Pulling Kuhn, Justin B. Moore, Darla M. Castelli, Aaron Beighle, Katie L. Hodgin, Brian Dauenhauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to conduct an implementation monitoring evaluation of a yearlong comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) professional development program across eight multi-state physical education (PE) teacher cohorts. Mixed-method data were collected during a three-year implementation period via workshop attendance sheets and evaluations, post-workshop implementation plans and artifacts, and follow-up phone interviews to enumerate and evaluate the program's process of recruitment, reach, dose delivered, dose received, fidelity, and context. Recruitment strategies reached a total of 234 PE teacher attendees across eight workshops, with 77 PE teachers (primarily female, elementary, public school teachers) completing all program requirements. Facilitators among full program completers were participation incentives and network opportunities, while common inhibitors were difficulty with online technology and perceptions of added workload. Completers submitted implementation plans with at least three action steps, ranging from 4 to 7 months to accomplish, that predominately commenced with securing administration approval as the first step (81%), focused on implementing student physical activity initiatives beyond PE (76%), and evidenced with mostly picture artifacts (78%). Implementation was facilitated by the presence of multilevel support at school and an elevated image of PE and PE teachers at school, and was inhibited by scheduling constraints, unrealistic planning, and conflicting perceptions of physical activity and PE. Overall, this evaluation reveals unique perspectives of PE teachers regarding schoolwide PA promotion and informs future efforts to target and effectively support CSPAP leaders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101109
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors


  • Coordinator
  • Physical Activity Leader
  • School champion
  • School health
  • Whole-of-school

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Implementation evaluation of a professional development program for comprehensive school physical activity leaders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this