Background and purpose: Cognitive apprenticeship theory is a model instructors can use to develop expert thinking in a classroom setting. Cognitive apprenticeship theory has been discussed in the literature; however, descriptions of its application in the classroom setting are lacking. We describe how cognitive apprenticeship guided the development and implementation of a new critical care course with a goal of making expert thinking “visible” to students. Educational activity and setting: A four-credit-hour course implemented in the 2018–2019 academic year was developed around the dimensions of cognitive apprenticeship. Clinical pharmacists with the affiliated healthcare system contributed to the design and implementation. Elements of the course in which cognitive apprenticeship theory guided the design included pre-class work, in-class group work, and an attending-facilitated discussion session. Findings: All four dimensions of cognitive apprenticeship were incorporated throughout the course. The course coordinator perceived that student questions and the quality of the discussion were higher level than in previous years. Cognitive apprenticeship theory can be used to design and implement a professional doctor of pharmacy course that prepares students for the types of thinking required in practice. We believe this model could be successfully implemented at other schools of pharmacy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning|
|State||Published - Jul 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the University of Kentucky HealthCare ICU pharmacy faculty and residents for their substantial contributions to the development and execution of the course described herein, as well as Bjoern Bauer, PhD for his organization and contributions to the electronic teaching platform used throughout the course.
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.
- Active learning
- Cognitive apprenticeship
- Critical thinking
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (all)