Impulsive personality dimensions are associated with altered behavioral performance and neural responses in the monetary incentive delay task

Ruolei Gu, Yang Jiang, Seth Kiser, Chelsea L. Black, Lucas S. Broster, Yue jia Luo, Thomas H. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Individual differences in dimensions of impulsivity personality including disinhibition and sensation seeking modulate approach responses to reinforcing stimuli, such as drugs and money. The current study examined the effects of monetary incentive on both behavioral performance and electrophysiological activity among individuals varying in disinhibition and sensation seeking. The monetary incentive delay (MID) task was completed under electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Behavioral data showed that higher disinhibition and sensation-seeking were associated with lower performance accuracy. Event-related potential (ERP) data showed that high reinforcement cues elicited a larger late positive component (LPC) than other conditions among high disinhibition participants, indicating its strong emotional influence. Additionally, in the neutral incentive condition, the feedback-related negativity (FRN) elicited by correct outcomes was larger than that elicited by incorrect outcomes in the high disinhibition group only. This novel finding indicates that high disinhibition participants were less likely to expect correct outcomes compared to incorrect outcomes in the neutral incentive condition. Finally, the P3 component elicited by outcome presentation showed an interaction between two impulsivity dimensions; when disinhibition level was low, the P3 was larger among high than low sensation seeking participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is supported by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse (NIDA P50DA005312), the National Centers for Research Resources and Advancing Translational Sciences (UL1RR033173 and UL1TR000117), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31571124 and 31671173), and the State Scholarship Fund (201504910062). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The authors sincerely thank Chase Kluemper and Christine Corbly for their participation in data collection.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd


  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • Feedback-related negativity (FRN)
  • Impulsivity
  • Late positive component (LPC)
  • Monetary incentive delay (MID) task
  • P3 component

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Impulsive personality dimensions are associated with altered behavioral performance and neural responses in the monetary incentive delay task'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this