In vitro and in vivo degradation of Aβ peptide by peptidases coupled to erythrocytes

Yinxing Liu, Hanjun Guan, Tina L. Beckett, Maria Aparecida Juliano, Luiz Juliano, Eun Suk Song, K. Martin Chow, M. Paul Murphy, Louis B. Hersh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


It is generally believed that amyloid β peptides (Aβ) are the key mediators of Alzheimer's disease. Therapeutic interventions have been directed toward impairing the synthesis or accelerating the clearance of Aβ. An equilibrium between blood and brain Aβ exists mediated by carriers that transport Aβ across the blood-brain barrier. Passive immunotherapy has been shown to be effective in mouse models of AD, where the plasma borne antibody binds plasma Aβ causing an efflux of Aβ from the brain. As an alternative to passive immunotherapy we have considered the use of Aβ-degrading peptidases to lower plasma Aβ levels. Here we compare the ability of three Aβ-degrading peptidases to degrade Aβ. Biotinylated peptidases were coupled to the surface of biotinylated erythrocytes via streptavidin. These erythrocyte-bound peptidases degrade Aβ peptide in plasma. Thus, peptidases bound to or expressed on the surface of erythroid cells represent an alternative to passive immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2348-2355
Number of pages8
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by grants DA 02243 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, AG 24899 from the National Institute on Aging, NS 46517 from the National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke and P20 RR02017 from the NCRR.


  • Amyloid beta peptide
  • Erythrocytes
  • Peptidases
  • Peripheral degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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