In vivo electrochemical studies of monoamine release in the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat

A. Gratton, B. J. Hoffer, G. A. Gerhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


The magnitude and duration of release of monoamines evoked by local applications of potassium were measured in vivo in the medial prefrontal cortex using high-speed chronoamperometry. Typical electrochemical signals reflecting releases of electroactive species ranging from 0.5 to 3.0 μM and lasting 90-120 s were detected at a variety of dorsal-ventral and anterior-posterior electrode placements in the medial prefrontal cortex. The magnitude of the reduction current measured following the oxidation reaction suggests a contribution of both serotonin and dopamine to the electrochemical signal, dopamine serving as the predominant monoamine in the medial prefrontal cortex proper and serotonin appearing to predominate in the more posterior regions of the frontal cortex. This conclusion was reinforced by the fact that unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of ascending dopamine fibers almost completely abolished electrochemical signals in the ipsilateral but not in the contralateral medial prefrontal cortex. The present study provides an in vivo characterization of monoamine release in the mesocortical dopamine terminal field, where it has been suggested that psychomotor stimulants may produce some of their positive reinforcing effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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