Incidence of Osteoarthritis Diagnosis Within 5 Years of Surgery Was Greater Following Partial Meniscectomy Than Meniscus Repair and/or Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Matthew Skinner, Breanna Sullivan, Caitlin Conley, Darren Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, David Landy, Austin Stone, Cale Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare knee osteoarthritis (OA) incidence within 5 years of surgery between 5 common sports medicine procedures: isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, isolated meniscus repair (MR), isolated arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM), ACL reconstruction with MR (ACL + MR), and ACL reconstruction with APM (ACL + APM). Methods: The PearlDiver Mariner M157Ortho database was searched. Five cohorts were identified using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and included those 16 to 60 years old who underwent isolated ACL reconstruction, isolated MR, ACL + MR, isolated APM, or ACL + APM repair. Groups were matched by age, sex, and presence of diagnosis codes for obesity. The incidence of knee OA diagnosis within 5 years of the index procedure was determined for each group, and odds ratios (ORs) were calculated and compared against isolated ACL reconstruction. Results: Each group consisted of 7,672 patients (3,450 females, 4,222 males). A significantly greater proportion of the APM group was diagnosed with knee OA within 5 years of surgery compared to isolated ACL reconstruction (APM = 1,032/7,672 [13.5%] vs ACL = 745/7,672 [9.7%]; P ≤ .001; OR, 1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.31-1.60). Similarly, a greater proportion of the MR group was diagnosed with OA compared to isolated ACL reconstruction (MR = 826/7,672 [10.7%]; P = .030; OR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.01-1.25). No differences in OA incidence were noted between the ACL + APM group when compared to isolated ACL reconstruction (P = .81). Patients undergoing ACL + MR demonstrated the lowest OA incidence with reduced odds when compared to isolated ACL reconstruction (ACL + MR = 575/7,672 [7.5%]; P < .001; OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.67-0.84). Conclusions: In this analysis using CPT codes, APM was associated with the highest knee OA incidence, and ACL + MR was associated with the lowest OA incidence within 5 years of surgery. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective cohort study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100903
JournalArthroscopy, Sports Medicine, and Rehabilitation
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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