Increased Health Care Costs and Opioid Use in Patients with Anxiety and Depression Undergoing Rotator Cuff Repair

Kevin J. Cronin, Scott D. Mair, Greg S. Hawk, Katherine L. Thompson, Carolyn M. Hettrich, Cale A. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Purpose: To (1) quantify the prevalence of mood disorders in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) by use of a large claims database and (2) compare opioid use and medical costs in the year before and the year after RCR between patients with and without comorbid mood disorders. Methods: A large claims database was queried to identify patients who underwent arthroscopic RCR (Current Procedural Terminology code 29827) between October 2010 and December 2015. All patients were then screened for insurance claims relating to either anxiety or depression. We compared net costs and opioid use both 1 year preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively between patients with and without mood disorders by use of an analysis of covariance. Results: A total of 170,329 patients (97,427 male patients [57.2%] and 72,902 female patients [42.8%]) undergoing arthroscopic RCR were identified. Of the 170,329 patients, 46,737 (27.4%) had comorbid anxiety or depression, and after adjustment for preoperative cost, sex, age, and both preoperative and postoperative opioid use, the 1-year postoperative cost was 7.05% higher for those with a preoperative mood disorder than for those without a mood disorder. In addition, opioid use both in the 180 days prior to surgery (36.7% vs 26.9%) and more than 90 days after surgery (33.0% vs 27.2%) was substantially greater in the group with comorbid depression or anxiety. Conclusions: In patients with comorbid mood disorders, opioid use and health care costs were increased both preoperatively and postoperatively. The increased cost in this patient population is estimated at $62.3 million annually. In an effort to provide high-quality, value-based care, treatment strategies should be developed to identify these patients preoperatively and provide the appropriate resources needed to improve the probability of a successful surgical outcome. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective, comparative therapeutic study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2655-2660
Number of pages6
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Arthroscopy Association of North America

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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