Increasing Lung Cancer Screening for High-Risk Smokers in a Frontier Population

Mark Dignan, Kristin Cina, Michele Sargent, Margaret O’Connor, Romaine Tobacco, Linda Burhansstipanov, Sheikh Ahamed, David White, Daniel Petereit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Northern Plains American Indians (AIs) have some of the highest smoking and lung cancer mortality rates in the USA. They are a high-risk population in which many are eligible for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening, but such screening is rarely used. This study investigated methods to increase LDCT utilization through both a provider and community intervention to lower lung cancer mortality rates. This study used the Precaution Adoption Model for provider and community interventions implemented in four study regions in western South Dakota. The goal was to increase LDCT screening for eligible participants. Intake surveys and LDCT screenings were compared at baseline and 6 months following the education programs for both interventions. A total of 131 providers participated in the provider intervention. At the 6-month follow-up survey, 31 (63%) referred at least one patient for LDCT (p < 0.05). Forty (32.3%) community participants reported their provider recommended an LDCT and of those, 30(75%) reported getting an LDCT (p < 0.05). A total of 2829 patient surveys were completed at the imaging sites and most (88%, n = 962) cited provider recommendation as their reason for obtaining an LDCT. Almost half (46%; n = 131) of the referring providers attended a provider education workshop, and 73% of the providers worked at a clinic that hosted at least one community education session. Over the study period, LDCT utilization increased from 640 to 1706, a 90.9% increase. The provider intervention had the strongest impact on LDCT utilization. This study demonstrated increased LDCT utilization through the provider intervention but increases also were documented for the other intervention combinations. The community-based education program increased both community and provider awareness on the value of LDCTs to lower lung cancer mortality rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to American Association for Cancer Education.


  • American Indian
  • Community education
  • Low-dose computed tomography
  • Lung cancer
  • Provider education
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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