Increasing Morale: Personal and Work Environment Antecedents of Job Morale Among Staff in Juvenile Corrections

Kevin I. Minor, James B. Wells, Eric G. Lambert, Peggy Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Job morale is often mentioned in literature on correctional staff, but its antecedents have seldom been investigated. In this study, survey data were collected from 975 facility and community staff working for the Kentucky Department of Juvenile Justice to determine the relationship of personal characteristics (educational level, gender, race, tenure, and age) and workplace variables (input into decision-making, job stress, organizational communication, perceptions of coworkers, workplace cooperation, and public support) with job morale. Type of staff (community or facility) had a non-significant association with job morale. In multivariate analyses controlling for nested data, educational level, race, tenure, age, input into decision-making, organizational fairness, perceptions of coworkers, and workplace cooperation each had a positive relationship with morale, while job stress had a negative association. Workplace variables accounted for far greater variance in the job morale variable than did personal characteristics, which holds implications for efforts to improve correctional staff morale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1308-1326
Number of pages19
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 27 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology.


  • correctional staff
  • job morale
  • job stress
  • juvenile corrections
  • workplace effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • General Psychology
  • Law


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