Increasing Sight-Phrase Reading with an iPad intervention for Two Students with Intellectual Disability

Kathleen B. Aspiranti, Mark E. Dula, Sara Ebner, Angela Hilton-Prillhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Sight-word interventions are often implemented when students show delays in word recognition. However, few studies have investigated the effects of teaching sight words using phrases. The current study investigated the effects of a tablet-based flashcard intervention on the acquisition of sight phrases. A multiple-baseline design across word sets was used for two students with intellectual disability who were included in the general education classroom for the majority of the day. For each phrase, students used an iPad flashcard program and were prompted to see the phrase, say the phrase, tap the screen to hear the phrase, and then say the phrase again before moving on to the next phrase. Results showed that both students quickly acquired the ability to read the previously unknown sight phrases across three different sets of phrases. Discussion focuses on using tablet-based interventions for students with intellectual disability, particularly those included within a general education classroom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-465
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disabilities
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • flashcard
  • iPad
  • intellectual disability
  • phrase reading
  • sight phrase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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