Indigenous arthropod natural enemies of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug in North America and Europe

Paul K. Abram, Kim A. Hoelmer, Angelita Acebes-Doria, Heather Andrews, Elizabeth H. Beers, J. Christopher Bergh, Ric Bessin, David Biddinger, Paul Botch, Matthew L. Buffington, Mary L. Cornelius, Elena Costi, Ernest S. Delfosse, Christine Dieckhoff, Rachelyn Dobson, Zachary Donais, Matthew Grieshop, George Hamilton, Tim Haye, Christopher HedstromMegan V. Herlihy, Mark S. Hoddle, Cerruti R.R. Hooks, Peter Jentsch, Neelendra K. Joshi, Thomas P. Kuhar, Jesus Lara, Jana C. Lee, Ana Legrand, Tracy C. Leskey, David Lowenstein, Lara Maistrello, Clarissa R. Mathews, Joshua M. Milnes, William R. Morrison, Anne L. Nielsen, Emily C. Ogburn, Charles H. Pickett, Kristin Poley, John Pote, James Radl, Paula M. Shrewsbury, Elijah Talamas, Luciana Tavella, James F. Walgenbach, Rebeccah Waterworth, Donald C. Weber, Celeste Welty, Nik G. Wiman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


Since the establishment of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in North America and Europe, there has been a large, multi-group effort to characterize the composition and impact of the indigenous community of arthropod natural enemies attacking this invasive pest. In this review, we combine 98 indigenous natural enemy datasets spanning a variety of sampling methods, habitats, and geographic areas. To date, the vast majority of H. halys biological control research has focused on the egg stage, using sentinel egg masses to characterize indigenous parasitoid and predator communities and their contribution to H. halys egg mortality. Although egg parasitism and predation levels by indigenous natural enemies are low (typically <10% each) in most surveys, total egg mortality attributable to natural enemies can be higher (typically between 5 and 25%; up to 83%)—even though these values were likely underestimated in most cases because some mortality due to biological control was not recognized. In North America, where the most data are available, it appears that the relative prevalence of different indigenous parasitoid species varies among habitat types, particularly between crop and non-crop habitats. Predator species responsible for egg mortality are much less commonly identified, but appear to include a wide variety of generalist chewing and sucking predators. To date, studies of natural enemies attacking H. halys nymphs and adults are relatively rare. Based on our review, we identify a number of key research gaps and suggest several directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1020
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pest Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada.


  • Biological control
  • Halyomorpha halys
  • Invasive species
  • Parasitoids
  • Pentatomidae
  • Predators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Insect Science


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