Individual-level factors in colorectal cancer screening: A review of the literature on the relation of individual-level health behavior constructs and screening behavior

Marc T. Kiviniemi, Alyssa Bennett, Marie Zaiter, James R. Marshall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Compliance with colorectal cancer screening recommendations requires considerable conscious effort on the part of the individual patient, making an individual's decisions about engagement in screening an important contributor to compliance or noncompliance. The objective of this paper was to examine the effectiveness of individual-level behavior theories and their associated constructs in accounting for engagement in colorectal cancer screening behavior. Methods: We reviewed the literature examining constructs from formal models of individual-level health behavior as factors associated with compliance with screening for colorectal cancer. All published studies examining one or more constructs from the health belief model, theory of planned behavior, transtheoretical model, or social cognitive theory and their relation to screening behavior or behavioral intentions were included in the analysis. Results: By and large, results of studies supported the theory-based predictions for the influence of constructs on cancer screening behavior. However, the evidence base for many of these relations, especially for models other than the health belief model, is quite limited. Conclusions: Suggestions are made for future research on individual-level determinants of colorectal cancer screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023-1033
Number of pages11
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • colorectal cancer screening
  • decision making
  • individual adherence
  • literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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