Infants' early visual attention and social engagement as developmental precursors to joint attention

Brenda Salley, Stephen J. Sheinkopf, A. Rebecca Neal-Beevers, Elena J. Tenenbaum, Cynthia L. Miller-Loncar, Ed Tronick, Linda L. Lagasse, Seetha Shankaran, Henrietta Bada, Charles Bauer, Toni Whitaker, Jane Hammond, Barry M. Lester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


This study examined infants' early visual attention (at 1 month of age) and social engagement (4 months) as predictors of their later joint attention (12 and 18 months). The sample (n = 325), drawn from the Maternal Lifestyle Study, a longitudinal multicenter project conducted at 4 centers of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network, included high-risk (cocaine-exposed) and matched noncocaine-exposed infants. Hierarchical regressions revealed that infants' attention orienting at 1 month significantly predicted more frequent initiating joint attention at 12 (but not 18) months of age. Social engagement at 4 months predicted initiating joint attention at 18 months. Results provide the first empirical evidence for the role of visual attention and social engagement behaviors as developmental precursors for later joint attention outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1721-1731
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Psychological Association.


  • Attention orienting
  • Joint attention
  • Social engagement
  • Visual attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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