Background: Emergent Large Vessel Occlusion (ELVO) stroke causes devastating vascular events which can lead to significant cognitive decline and dementia. In the subset of ELVO subjects treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) at our institution, we aimed to identify systemic and intracranial proteins predictive of cognitive function at time of discharge and at 90-days. These proteomic biomarkers may serve as prognostic indicators of recovery, as well as potential targets for novel/existing therapeutics to be delivered during the subacute stage of stroke recovery. Methods: At the University of Kentucky Center for Advanced Translational Stroke Sciences, the BACTRAC tissue registry (clinicaltrials.gov; NCT 03153683) of human biospecimens acquired during ELVO stroke by MT is utilized for research. Clinical data are collected on each enrolled subject who meets inclusion criteria. Blood samples obtained during thrombectomy were sent to Olink Proteomics for proteomic expression values. Montreal Cognitive Assessments (MoCA) were evaluated with categorical variables using ANOVA and t-tests, and continuous variables using Pearson correlations. Results: There were n = 52 subjects with discharge MoCA scores and n = 28 subjects with 90-day MoCA scores. Several systemic and intracranial proteins were identified as having significant correlations to discharge MoCA scores as well as 90-day MoCA scores. Highlighted proteins included s-DPP4, CCL11, IGFBP3, DNER, NRP1, MCP1, and COMP. Conclusion: We set out to identify proteomic predictors and potential therapeutic targets related to cognitive outcomes in ELVO subjects undergoing MT. Here, we identify several proteins which predicted MoCA after MT, which may serve as therapeutic targets to lessen post-stroke cognitive decline.
|State||Published - Dec 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The project described was supported by the Clinical Translational Science Award through grant UL1TR001998. National Institute of General Medical Science COBRE P30GM127211 provided funding for proteomic analysis to increase sample size for this study.
© 2023, The Author(s).
- Ischemic stroke
- Mechanical thrombectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology