Influence of Fusarium virguliforme Temporal Colonization of Corn, Tillage, and Residue Management on Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome and Soybean Yield

Amy M. Baetsen-Young, Grazieli Araldi Da Silva, Yuba R. Kandel, Janette L. Jacobs, Adam M. Byrne, Daren S. Mueller, Damon L. Smith, Albert U. Tenuta, Kiersten A. Wise, Brad Day, Martin I. Chilvers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The asymptomatic host range of Fusarium virguliforme includes corn, a common crop rotated with soybean that we hypothesize may alter F. virguliforme population dynamics and disease management. A field-based approach explored the temporal dynamics of F. virguliforme colonization of corn and soybean roots under different tillage and residue managements. Experiments were conducted in Iowa, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin, United States and Ontario, Canada from 2016 to 2018. Corn and soybean roots were sampled at consecutive timepoints between 1 and 16 weeks after planting. DNA was extracted from all roots and analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR for F. virguliforme quantification. Trials were rotated between corn and soybean, containing a two-by-two factorial of tillage (no-tilled or tilled) and corn residue (with or without) in several experimental designs. In 2016, low amounts (approximately 100 fg per 10 mg of root tissue) of F. virguliforme were detected in the inoculated Iowa, Indiana, and Michigan locations and noninoculated Wisconsin corn fields. However, in 2017, greater levels of F. virguliforme DNA were detected in Iowa, Indiana, and Michigan across sampling timepoints. Tillage practices showed inconsistent effects on F. virguliforme root colonization and sudden death syndrome (SDS) foliar symptoms among trials and locations. However, residue management did not alter root colonization of corn or soybean by F. virguliforme. Plots with corn residue had greater SDS foliar disease index in Iowa in 2016. However, this trend was not observed across the site-years, indicating that corn residue may occasionally increase SDS foliar symptoms depending on the disease level and soil and weather factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Disease
Volume105
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: Support and partial funding of this research was provided by the North Central Soybean Research Program, Michigan State University Project GREEEN grant number RA100463, Michigan State University Plant Resilience Institute grant number GR100125-BEAN2, the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation grant number RT082734, and the Grain Farmers of Ontario.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The American Phytopathological Society

Keywords

  • Corn
  • Fusarium virguliforme
  • Residue
  • Root colonization
  • Soybean
  • Sudden death syndrome
  • Temporal dynamics
  • Tillage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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