The cooking yields of ground breast (light) and thigh (dark) meat of eight genetic crosses of commercial strains were compared using different pre‐cooking treatments. Adjustment of fresh meat pH from 6.0‐6.1 to 6.4 with 0.5% phosphate increased (P < 0.05) the average cooking yield of processed breast meat from 90 to 93%, and of thigh meat from 79 to 82%. Addition of 2.5% sodium chloride to the ground meat further improved the cooking yield. Most genetic crosses of broilers differed significantly (P < 0.05) in meat cooking yield, which changed similarly with pH and salt adjustments in most strains. Cooking yields of control, pH‐adjusted and saltadded thigh meats were positively correlated with each other, but little correlation existed between thigh and breast meats. the results show the influence of genetic cross on meat cooking yield, and indicate the importance of controlling pH and salt content in broiler meat processing.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Food Science and Technology|
|State||Published - Oct 1993|
- ground muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering