Influences of parity and level of feed intake on reproductive response to insulin administration after weaning in sows

N. C. Whitley, M. Thomas, J. L. Ramirez, A. B. Moore, N. M. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In three experiments, the influence of insulin administered after weaning was examined in primiparous sows given extra feed or in primiparous compared to multiparous sows. In Exp. 1, 171 primiparous and 231 multiparous crossbred sows on a commercial farm were injected with 0.4 IU/kg BW insulin (Eli Lilly Lente Iletin II) or saline for 4 d beginning the day after weaning (d 0) and were fed 2.3 kg/d until mating. In Exp. 2, 153 primiparous sows from the same farm as those in Exp. 1 were injected with insulin or saline as in Exp. 1 and were fed 2.7 or 3.6 kg/d until mating. In Exp. 3, 63 primiparous crossbred sows were injected with insulin or saline as described above and fed either 2.3 or 4.5 kg/d for 5 d after weaning and were remated. On the commercial farm (Exp. 1 and 2), insulin administration increased percentage in estrus for primiparous sows compared to multiparous sows (treatment x parity interaction, P < 0.02) but tended to lower litter size in primiparous sows (treatment x parity interaction, P < 0.06). In Exp. 2, insulin combined with extra feed increased (P < 0.05) litter size by two pigs but tended (P < 0.07) to decrease farrowing rate in that group (treatment x feed interaction). Weaning-to-estrus interval, pregnancy rate, ovulation rate, and embryo survival were not influenced by treatment or feeding level (Exp. 3); however, postweaning intake and embryo survival were negatively related for saline-treated sows only (r = -0.55; P < 0.01), and backfat depth at weaning and embryo survival were positively related for insulin-treated sows only (r = 0.44; P < 0.05). Overall, insulin administration differentially influenced reproduction in primiparous sows and may have interacted with metabolic or nutritional state of the animal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1043
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2002

Keywords

  • Embryos
  • Insulin
  • Ovulation rate
  • Sow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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