Inhibition of endogenous human dentin MMPs by Gluma

Camila Sabatini, Débora L.S. Scheffel, Régis H. Scheffel, Kelli A. Agee, Katelyn Rouch, Masahiro Takahashi, Lorenzo Breschi, Annalisa Mazzoni, Leo Tjäderhane, Franklin R. Tay, David H. Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective The objective of this study was to determine if Gluma dentin desensitizer (5.0% glutaraldehyde and 35% HEMA in water) can inhibit the endogenous MMPs of dentin matrices in 60 s and to evaluate its effect on dentin matrix stiffness and dry mass weight. Methods Dentin beams of 2 mm × 1 mm × 6 mm were obtained from extracted human third molars coronal dentin. To measure the influence of Gluma treatment time on total MMP activity of dentin, beams were dipped in 37% phosphoric acid (PA) for 15 s and rinsed in water. The acid-etched beams were then dipped in Gluma for 5, 15, 30 or 60 s, rinsed in water and incubated into SensoLyte generic MMP substrate (AnaSpec, Inc.) for 60 min. Controls were dipped in water for 60 s. Additional beams of 1 mm × 1 mm × 6 mm were completely demineralized in 37% PA for 18 h, rinsed and used to evaluate changes on the dry weight and modulus of elasticity (E) after 60 s of Gluma treatment followed by incubation in simulated body fluid buffer for 0, 1 or 4 weeks. E was measured by 3-pt flexure. Results Gluma treatment inhibited total MMP activity of acid-etched dentin by 44, 50, 84, 86% after 5, 15, 30 or 60 s of exposure, respectively. All completely demineralized dentin beams lost stiffness after 1 and 4 weeks, with no significant differences between the control and Gluma-treated dentin. Gluma treatment for 60 s yielded significantly less dry mass loss than the control after 4 weeks. Significance The use of Gluma may contribute to the preservation of adhesive interfaces by its cross-linking and inhibitory properties of endogenous dentin MMPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-758
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Degradation
  • Dentin collagen
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Mechanical properties
  • Proteolytic activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Dentistry (all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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