Inhibition of listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat meats using bacteriocin mixtures based on mode-of-action

Paul Priyesh Vijayakumar, Peter M. Muriana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Bacteriocin-producing (Bac+) lactic acid bacteria (LAB) comprising selected strains of Lactobacillus curvatus, Lactococcus lactis, Pediococcus acidilactici, and Enterococcus faecium and thailandicus were examined for inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes during hotdog challenge studies. The Bac+ strains, or their cell-free supernatants (CFS), were grouped according to mode-of-action (MOA) as determined from prior studies. Making a mixture of as many MOAs as possible is a practical way to obtain a potent natural antimicrobial mixture to address L. monocytogenes contamination of RTE meat products (i.e., hotdogs). The heat resistance of the bacteriocins allowed the use of pasteurization to eliminate residual producer cells for use as post-process surface application or their inclusion into hotdog meat emulsion during cooking. The use of Bac+ LAB comprising 3× MOAs directly as co-inoculants on hotdogs was not effective at inhibiting L. monocytogenes. However, the use of multiple MOA Bac+ CFS mixtures in a variety of trials demonstrated the effectiveness of this approach by showing a >2-log decrease of L. monocytogenes in treatment samples and 6–7 log difference vs. controls. These data suggest that surface application of multiple mode-of-action bacteriocin mixtures can provide for an Alternative 2, and possibly Alternative 1, process category as specified by USDA-FSIS for control of L. monocytogenes on RTE meat products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This paper was funded in part by an OCAST-OARS grant (#AR12-049), the Nutrition Physiology Co. (Guymon, OK, USA), the Dept. of Animal Science (Advance Foods-Gilliland Professorship), the R.M. Kerr Food & Ag Products Center, the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, [Hatch Project #OKL02885], and the Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources at Oklahoma State University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Bacteriocin
  • Biopreservatives
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Mode-of-action
  • Ready-to-eat meats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science


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