C-1300 murine neuroblastoma (MNB) contains the catecholamine biosynthetic pathway. This study investigated manipulation of this pathway for effects on cell growth and survival in tumor-bearing mice, and to correlate these findings with specific membrane-bound dopamine-binding activity. The dopamine antagonists domperidone, pimozide, and spiroperidol inhibited macromolecular synthesis in vitro as demonstrated by decreased [3H]TdR and [14C]leu incorporation in a dose-response fashion; 56, 49, and 43% inhibition was noted at 10-6 M concentration of each drug, respectively, with no loss of cell viability. Dopamine agonists showed no significant inhibition. Scatchard analysis of dopamine binding was consistent with a single class of receptor sites with a mean concentration of 13.2 ± 2.0 pmole/g wet weight of tissue and mean dissociation constant (Kd) = 0.69 ± 0.38 nM, compared to a mean receptor concentration of 28.1 ± 5.2 pmole/g wet weight of tissue and Kd = 0.38 ± 0.09 nM in receptor-rich dog caudate nucleus, the normal control. A/J mice injected with 1 × 106 tumor cells and treated with daily pimozide or domperidone had a significant increase in disease-free survival when compared to controls (15 versus 8.5 days, P < 0.001) as well as a significant increase in overall survival (35 versus 25 days, P < 0.001). These data suggest that dopamine antagonists inhibit macromolecular synthesis in the C-1300 MNB. The inhibition of MNB tumor growth in vivo by dopamine antagonists suggests a specific chemotherapeutic approach to neuroblastoma, possibly mediated by dopamine receptors.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Surgical Research|
|State||Published - May 1984|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
’ Supported in part by a grant from the Ruth Estrin Goldberg Memorial for Cancer Research. 2 Author to whom requests for reprints should be addressed.
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