Inhibition performance study of vanadate on AA2024-T3 at high temperature by SEM, FIB, raman and XPS

Jichao Li, Belinda Hurley, Rudolph Buchheit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The inhibition of AA2024-T3 by vanadate at temperatures ranging from 10° to 80°C was studied using various characterization techniques. SEM showed that in the presence of vanadate, no corrosion was observed on any intermetallic particles, including the reactive Al2CuMg (S phase) at temperatures up to 50°C. Although trenching occurred around the S phase particles when solution temperature increased to 70°C and above, S phase was protected by vanadate-bearing film. Raman spectroscopy showed a peak indicating polymeric vanadate, which increased in intensity with increasing temperature with the highest intensity at 80°C. The high vanadium concentration at 80°C was attributed to fast reduction reaction kinetics of vanadate by Al or Mg. This reduction reaction is confirmed by XPS, and the reduced forms of vanadium appeared to promote vanadate (V5+) polymerization leading to the formation of vanadate films. Additionally, elevated temperatures appeared to increase vanadate polymerization kinetics. This reductive adsorbed vanadate film also enabled the samples treated in vanadate at higher temperature to have residual inhibition in NaCl without inhibitors. The reduced forms of vanadium were found to be easily oxidized under ambient aerated solution conditions. Exposure of treated samples in air further increased the corrosion resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C219-C227
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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