36 Scopus citations


Objective:. The purpose of this studywas to examine injection drug use (IDU) among a cohort of felony probationers from rural Appalachian Kentucky. Methods.: An interviewer-administered questionnaire given to 800 rural felonyprobationers ascertained data regarding demographics, drug use, criminal behavior, psychological distress, and HIV-risk behaviors. Results:. The sample was primarilywhite (95.1%) and male (66.5%) and the median age was 32.3 years (interquartile range: 25. 2, 40.5). There were no cases of HIV in the sample. Of the 800 rural probationers, 179 (22.4%) reported lifetime IDU. Receptive syringe sharing (RSS) and distributive syringe sharing (DSS) were reported by 34.5% and 97.1% of the IDUs, respectively. Independent correlates of risky injection behaviors included cocaine injection (adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 14. 9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 8. 0, 27.7) and prescription opioid injection (AOR: 14. 7, 95% CI: 7. 7, 28.1). Discussion:. Although HIV was not prevalent, data suggest that the rural felonyprobationers in this sample were engaging in riskyinjection practices that could facilitate transmission of HIV. This is especially problematic since those involved in the criminal justice system may be more likely to be exposed to HIV. Therefore, prevention aimed at reducing HIV-risk behaviors among rural, criminally involved individuals is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-645
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2011


  • HIV
  • Injection drug use
  • Probationer
  • Rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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