Injustice in the Justice System: Reforming Inequities for True “Justice for All”

Femina P. Varghese, Tania Israel, Guy Seymour, Rachel Becker Herbst, Lauren G. Suarez, Candice Hargons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


True justice is equitable. Counseling psychologists, through their skills, knowledge, and values, can be a powerful force in reforming a system that oppresses marginalized groups to one that is just. In this paper, we focus on three major aspects of the justice system: laws and the courts, law enforcement, and detention and corrections, and we further describe injustice in these three areas. We then use critical race theory and counseling psychology perspectives to develop a framework to provide counseling psychologists with practical strategies to transform inequities. Such strategies include advocating to change unjust laws, filling the research gap for effective and humane practices, developing evidence-based programs, and providing leadership and training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-740
Number of pages59
JournalCounseling Psychologist
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • crime
  • police
  • race
  • sex trafficking
  • undocumented immigrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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