Insights from proteomics into mild cognitive impairment, likely the earliest stage of alzheimer's disease

Renã A. Sowell, D. Allan Butterfield

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is arguably the earliest form of Alzheimer'sdisease (AD). Better understanding of brain changes in MCI may lead to theidentification of therapeutic targets to slow the progression of AD. Oxidative stress hasbeen implicated as a mechanism associated with the pathogenesis of both MCI and AD.In particular, among other markers, there is evidence for an increase in the levels ofprotein oxidation and lipid peroxidation in the brains of subjects with MCI. Severalproteins are oxidatively modified in MCI brain, and as a result individual proteindysfunction may be directly linked to these modifications (e.g., carbonylation, nitration,modification by HNE) and may be involved in MCI pathogenesis. Additionally,Concanavalin-A-mediated separation of brain proteins has recently led to theidentification of key proteins in MCI and AD using proteomics methods. This chapterwill summarize important findings from proteomics studies of MCI, which have providedinsights into this cognitive disorder and have led to further understanding of potentialmechanisms involved in the progression of AD.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCognitive Impairment
Subtitle of host publicationCauses, Diagnosis and Treatments
Pages119-140
Number of pages22
StatePublished - Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Oxidative modifications
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (all)

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