Insights into the molecular evolution of fertilization mechanism in land plants

Vijyesh Sharma, Anthony J. Clark, Tomokazu Kawashima

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Key message: Comparative genetics and genomics among green plants, including algae, provide deep insights into the evolution of land plant sexual reproduction. Abstract: Land plants have evolved successive changes during their conquest of the land and innovations in sexual reproduction have played a major role in their terrestrialization. Recent years have seen many revealing dissections of the molecular mechanisms of sexual reproduction and much new genomics data from the land plant lineage, including early diverging land plants, as well as algae. This new knowledge is being integrated to further understand how sexual reproduction in land plants evolved, identifying highly conserved factors and pathways, but also molecular changes that underpinned the emergence of new modes of sexual reproduction. Here, we review recent advances in the knowledge of land plant sexual reproduction from an evolutionary perspective and also revisit the evolution of angiosperm double fertilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-364
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Reproduction
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Angiosperms
  • Evolution
  • Land plants
  • Sexual reproduction
  • Sperm morphogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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