Insulin increases the synthetic rate and messenger RNA level of lipoprotein lipase in isolated rat adipocytes

J. M. Ong, T. G. Kirchgessner, M. C. Schotz, P. A. Kern

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156 Scopus citations


Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the enzyme responsible for hydrolysis of circulating triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and is important for storage of adipocyte lipid. To study the regulation of LPL synthetic rate in adipose tissue, primary cultures of isolated rat adipocytes were pulse-labeled with [35S]methionine, and LPL was immunoprecipitated with an LPL-specific antibody. A pulse-chase experiment identified the cellular and secreted forms of LPL as a 55-57-kDa protein. In the presence of heparin, there was a large increase in secretion of newly synthesized LPL from the cells, although heparin did not stimulate cellular LPL synthetic rate. When cells were exposed to insulin for 2 h, pulse-labeling revealed that insulin stimulated a maximal dose-related increase in LPL synthetic rate of 300% of control. This increase in LPL synthetic rate was observed after an exposure to insulin for as little as 60 min and was accompanied by only a 10-25% increase in total protein synthesis. In addition, insulin had no effect on the turnover of intracellular LPL. Using a cDNA probe for LPL, insulin induced a 2-fold increase in the LPL mRNA. Thus, insulin stimulated an increase in specific LPL mRNA in isolated rat adipocytes. This increase in LPL mRNA then leads to an increase in the synthetic rate of the LPL protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12933-12938
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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