InteGO2: A web tool for measuring and visualizing gene semantic similarities using Gene Ontology

Jiajie Peng, Hongxiang Li, Yongzhuang Liu, Liran Juan, Qinghua Jiang, Yadong Wang, Jin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Background: The Gene Ontology (GO) has been used in high-throughput omics research as a major bioinformatics resource. The hierarchical structure of GO provides users a convenient platform for biological information abstraction and hypothesis testing. Computational methods have been developed to identify functionally similar genes. However, none of the existing measurements take into account all the rich information in GO. Similarly, using these existing methods, web-based applications have been constructed to compute gene functional similarities, and to provide pure text-based outputs. Without a graphical visualization interface, it is difficult for result interpretation. Results: We present InteGO2, a web tool that allows researchers to calculate the GO-based gene semantic similarities using seven widely used GO-based similarity measurements. Also, we provide an integrative measurement that synergistically integrates all the individual measurements to improve the overall performance. Using HTML5 and cytoscape.js, we provide a graphical interface in InteGO2 to visualize the resulting gene functional association networks. Conclusions: InteGO2 is an easy-to-use HTML5 based web tool. With it, researchers can measure gene or gene product functional similarity conveniently, and visualize the network of functional interactions in a graphical interface. InteGO2 can be accessed via

Original languageEnglish
Article number530
JournalBMC Genomics
StatePublished - Aug 31 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Author(s).


  • Gene Ontology
  • Semantic similarity
  • Web tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics


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