Integrating disinhibition and learning risk for alcohol use

Denis M. McCarthy, Larry S. Kroll, Gregory T. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


In this study the authors tested the acquired preparedness model of problem drinking, which holds that trait disinhibition, defined as neurotic extraversion by C. M. Patterson and J. P. Newman (1993), leads to the biased formation of positive over negative alcohol expectancies. Positive expectancies thus mediate disinhibition's influence on drinking. The authors also hypothesized that disinhibition moderates the expectancy-drinking relationship such that disinhibited individuals are more likely to act on their positive expectancies. In Study 1, positive expectancies both mediated and moderated the disinhibition-drinking relationship. In Study 2, learning task results indicated that disinhibited individuals sought reward, even when passive avoidance of punishment was indicated. Study 2 also replicated Study 1 hypotheses for men but generally not for women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-398
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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