Integrating sustainable product and supply chain design: Modeling issues and challenges

Haritha Metta, Fazleena Badurdeen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Promoting sustainability within business operations requires sustainable products, processes, and system, i.e., sustainable supply chains (SSCs). To efficiently reduce environmental and societal impacts of supply chains (SCs) while maintaining continued profitability, it is necessary that the entire SC is designed and managed from a total life-cycle perspective considering coordination between product, process, and SC design. Coordinating product and SC design decisions play a critical role in improving the SSC's performance. The product design determines all its future costs, both in forward and reverse-flow, which in turn depend on the SC configuration such as the number and location of SC partners their capabilities and capacities. Therefore, coordinating sustainable product and SC design decisions requires consideration of all four product life-cycle stages and incorporating a closed-loop flow within the SC. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it emphasizes on the need and importance of coordinating product and SC design decisions in SSCs (through illustrative case studies) and the limitations of existing models from a SSC perspective. Second, the paper explains some of the challenges that need to be addressed while developing such holistic integrated models, provides key factors influencing their performance, and thereby proposes a framework to perform this coordination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6336806
Pages (from-to)438-446
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013


  • Closed-loop supply chain modeling
  • integrated design
  • mathematical optimization
  • multi life-cycle (MLC) analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Integrating sustainable product and supply chain design: Modeling issues and challenges'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this