Intelligent and Secure Clustering in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)-Based Intelligent Transportation Systems

Sandeep Verma, Sherali Zeadally, Satnam Kaur, Ajay Kumar Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) plays a vital role in dealing with the challenging tasks of information management in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Current research has shown that the ever growing number of vehicles on the roads is making congestion worse, and many safety concerns are being addressed comprehensively by the WSN-based ITS. However, the energy consumed by sensor nodes, their operational period, and 'security compromise' are ever growing concerns. Cluster-based routing strategies have potentially contributed in reducing the energy expenditure of sensor nodes, besides the selection of energy-efficient and secure Cluster Head (CH) is still seeking an optimized approach for acquiring the proliferated performance of WSN. To address these concerns, we propose an Intelligent Clustering approach for ITS (ICITS) which selects CHs based on a hybrid optimization method called GABAT that integrates the strengths of Genetic Algorithm (GA) and BAT Algorithm (BA). The proposed framework (ICITS) is targeted primarily to road transport in military areas due to their stringent requirements in terms of security and reliability while collecting the data from the deployed sensor nodes. The simulation results obtained with ICITS demonstrate that it performs well for various performance metrics that include stability period, network survival period and 'number of packets sent', which are improved by 54.7%, 19.6%, and 40.5%, respectively as compared to recently proposed Cluster-based Intelligent Routing Protocol (CIRP).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13473-13481
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2000-2011 IEEE.


  • Bat algorithm
  • cluster head (CH)
  • clustering
  • genetic algorithm
  • intelligent transportation system (ITS)
  • security and wireless sensor network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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