Interactions of ethanol with ionophore A23187 in human platelets and erythrocytes and in rat brain slices

Louisa Patrikiou-Caberos, Marina A. Lynch, Christine Leroy, G. Christopher Fenn, John M. Littleton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The aggregation of gel-filtered human platelets induced by A23187 is very sensitive to inhibition by ethanol. Similarly when platelets preloaded with [3H]5-hydroxytryptamine ([3H]5HT) are studied in a superfusion system under conditions where aggregation is likely (high platelet density, presence of Ca2+) the rate of release of [3H]5HT induced by A23187 is reduced by the presence of ethanol. However when platelet aggregation is less likely (low platelet density, absence of Ca2+) ethanol does not reduce the rate of [3H]5HT efflux induced by A23187 in superfused platelets. In addition, in contrast to the effects of ethanol on platelet aggregation, the transformation of human red cells to echinocytes induced by A23187 is accelerated by the presence of ethanol. Similarly the increased efflux of 3H from superfused rat striatal slices preloaded with [3H]dopamine which is produced by A23187 is potentiated by ethanol. It is concluded that the inhibitory effect of ethanol on the action of A23187 may be confined to platelet aggregation. This may be because the mechanisms of action of either A23187 or ethanol on platelet aggregation differ from those on other cell functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2211-2216
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 15 1983

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements-Thisr esearchw ass upportedb y grants from the British Heart Foundation,t he Medical Research Council, the Medical Councilo n Alcoholism andt he Brewers Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology


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