Interleukin-4 and interferon-gamma gene expression in summer pasture-associated obstructive pulmonary disease affected horses

R. E. Beadle, D. W. Horohov, S. D. Gaunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesised that horses affected with summer pasture-associated obstructive pulmonary disease (SPAOPD) react to an allergen or allergens in their summer environment that is either absent or present at lower levels in their winter environment; and that such allergenes stimulate SPAOPD-affected horses to produce a different T helper lymphocyte cytokine profile from that of control horses. The primary objective of this study was to determine the cytokine mRNA profile of T helper lymphocytes obtained from summer pasture-associated obstructive pulmonary disease (SPAOPD) affected horses when 1) the horses were showing signs of disease (summer) and 2) they were in clinical remission (winter). A further objective was to determine the differences between cytokine mRNA T helper lymphocyte profiles of control and affected horses in the summer and winter seasons. Interleukin 4 (IL-4) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) mRNA expression levels were increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples of affected horses during disease expression. No significant amounts of IL-5 mRNA were detected in any of the samples. These results suggest that there is an allergic component to SPAOPD of horses and that appropriate manipulation of the immune system could offer hope for treatment and prevention of the disease in the future. Further research studies will be needed to determine the most appropriate treatments to use to alter the antigen-stimulated cytokine profile being expressed by SPAOPD-affected horses or to alter the effects that these cytokines produce.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2002

Keywords

  • Horse
  • IFN-γ
  • IL-4
  • RAO
  • SPAOPD
  • T helper cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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