International approaches to long-term services and supports

Robert Applebaum, Anthony Bardo, Emily Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This article defines the term long-term services and supports, explains how such services have yet to be categorized and compared cross-nationally, and offers a five-category typology for classifying approaches to long-term care services and supports. It describes the various types of coverage, from most extensive to least, with Germany, Japan and others topping the list, Australia, France and others on level 2, the United States, Poland, Italy and others on level 3, Mexico, Egypt, China, and others on level 4, and Nepal, Bangladesh and others at the bottom, on level 5. One example from each level is detailed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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