INTERNATIONAL DIFFUSION of FOOD SAFETY STANDARDS: The ROLE of DOMESTIC CERTIFIERS and INTERNATIONAL TRADE

Rezgar Mohammed, Yuqing Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the cross-national adoption of six major private food safety standards, focusing on the role of certifiers and international trade. Results show that the number of certification bodies existing in the domestic country, food exports, and the proportion of food exports to North America had positive effects on a country's adoption of food safety standards. Distance leads to product differentiation for the standards and therefore disadvantages developing countries in Africa and Asia for adopting the standards, which are all based in the United States or Europe. Providing these countries with better access to certifiers can alleviate this geographic disadvantage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-322
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Adoption
  • certifcation bodies
  • food exports
  • food safety standard
  • private food standard
  • third-party certifcation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics

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