Interplay of composition, structure, and electron density of states in W-Os cathode materials and relationship with thermionic emission

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The presence and composition of W-Os alloys have been found to significantly affect the thermionic emission properties of Os-coated tungsten dispenser cathodes. However, the comprehensive understanding of structure-property relationships needed to design improved tungsten cathodes with larger thermionic emission is still lacking. In this study, composition-structure-property relationships governing thermionic emission from W-Os alloys were investigated using quantum mechanical calculations. Low-energy W-Os atomic configurations at various compositions were determined from first-principles calculations based on density functional theory in combination with cluster expansion calculations. Electronic properties were investigated in terms of the electron density of states. The relative position of the Fermi level with respect to peaks and pseudogaps in the density of states for different W-Os structures can be used to explain, at least in part, observed variations in thermionic emission from Os-coated tungsten dispenser cathodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021601
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CMMI-0928845.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Vacuum Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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