Interrill erosion in soils with different land uses: The kinetic energy wetting effect on temporal particle size distribution

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Millions of hectares of cropland have slopes of less than 2%, which can result in an enormous amount of pollutants transported with clay-silt sized particles via interrill erosion. However, few studies have attempted to understand the detachment-transport mechanism of particles with different wetting processes as determined by the surface soil cover of a field. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of different wetting rates on the runoff rate, temporal sediment particle size distribution (PSD), and sediment delivery rate produced via interrill erosion in low slopes under two contrasting tillage systems. Selected sites were under continuous corn rotations on Maury silt loam (Typic Paleudalf) or corn/soybean on Calloway silt (Aquic Fragiudult), both under either moldboard plow (MT) or no-till (NT) soil management. A nozzle-type rain simulator was used to deliver 87.5mmh-1 for 1h on a plot of 1m2. High kinetic energy wetting (HKE) was evaluated on a bare soil surface. Low kinetic energy wetting (LKE) was accomplished by covering the bare soil surface with layers of plastic mesh. Soil texture and aggregate stability were more important than overland flow in modifying the temporal PSD. Transport capacity appears to be diminished due to soil cover, making all predictions based on settling velocity ineffective. Comparison between HKE and LKE showed that soils can produce different temporal PSD in the sediment without changes in total soil loss. HKE increases both the total and temporal sediment delivery rate (Di) values. Observed differences in Di were consequences not of particle size but of the number of particles released.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalCatena
Volume107
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research that prompted this manuscript was funded by the Department of Plant and Soil Science, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky . The authors are also grateful to Dr. Ole Wendroth for his support and the revisions and comments offered by Dr. Mark Coyne.

Keywords

  • Interrill erosion
  • Kinetic energy wetting
  • No tillage
  • Settling velocity
  • Temporal particle size distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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