Investigating the effects of a novel rumen-protected folic acid supplement on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of beef steers

Erin L. Deters, Emma K. Niedermayer, Olivia N. Genther-Schroeder, Christopher P. Blank, Remy N. Carmichael, Sarah J. Hartman, Elizabeth M. Messersmith, Katherine R. Vanvalin, Mark E. Branine, Stephanie L. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angus-crossbred steers (n = 180; 292-18 kg) from a single ranch were used to investigate the effects of a novel rumen-protected folic acid (RPFA) supplement on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. On d 0, steers were blocked by body weight to pens (5 steers/pen), and pens within a block were randomly assigned to dietary treatments (n = 6 pens/ treatment): Target intake of 0 (CON), 30 (RPFA-30), 60 (RPFA-60), 90 (RPFA-90), 120 (RPFA-120), or 150 (RPFA-150) mg RPFA?steer?1?d?1. Steers were weighed before feeding on d ?1, 0, 55, 56, 86, 87, 181, and 182. Pen average daily gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), and gain:feed (G:F) were calculated for growing (d 0 to 56), dietary transition (d 56 to 87), finishing (d 87 to 182), and overall (d 0 to 182). Liver and blood samples were collected from two steers/pen before trial initiation and at the end of growing and finishing. Steers were slaughtered on d 183, and carcass data were collected after a 48-h chill. Data were analyzed as a randomized complete block design using ProcMixed of SAS 9.4 (fixed effects of treatment and block; experimental unit of pen). Liver abscess scores were analyzed using the Genmod Procedure of SAS 9.4. Contrast statements assessed the polynomial effects of RPFA. Supplemental RPFA linearly increased plasma folate at the end of growing and finishing (P < 0.01), and linearly decreased plasma glucose at the end of growing (P = 0.01). There was a cubic effect of RPFA on liver folate at the end of growing (P = 0.01), driven by lesser concentrations for RPFA-30, RPFA-60, and RPFA-150. Growing period ADG and G:F were greatest for CON and RPFA-120 (cubic P ≤ 0.03). Transition period DMI was linearly increased due to RPFA (P = 0.05). There was a tendency for a cubic effect of RPFA on the percentage of livers with no abscesses (P = 0.06), driven by a greater percentage of non-Abscessed livers in RPFA-30 and RPFA-60. Despite supplementing 1 mg Co/kg DM, and regardless of treatment, plasma vitamin B12 concentrations were low (<200 pg/mL), which may have influenced the response to RPFA as vitamin B12 is essential for recycling of folate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbertxab093
JournalTranslational Animal Science
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • folate
  • glucose
  • one-carbon metabolism
  • vitamin B12
  • vitamin B9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • General Veterinary

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Investigating the effects of a novel rumen-protected folic acid supplement on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of beef steers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this