Investigation of the effect of coccidial vaccine challenge on apparent and standardized ileal amino acid digestibility in grower and finisher broilers and its evaluation in 21-day-old broilers

S. A. Adedokun, A. Helmbrecht, T. J. Applegate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of coccidial vaccine challenge (CVC, Coccivac®B; challenged, CHA; or unchallenged, NCH) on ileal endogenous amino acid (IEAA) losses and standardized ileal AA digestibility (SIAAD) in 21-and 42-day-old broilers fed a corn-soybean meal-dried distillers' grains with solubles-poultry by-product meal-based diet (Expt. 1) and the effect of supplemental AA in ameliorating the effect of CVC (Expt. 2) were evaluated. Expt. 1 was designed as a 2 (d 21 or 42) x 2 (NCH or CHA) factorial arrangement of treatments with 8 replicates in a complete randomized design. The CVC birds were gavaged with 12 x coccidial vaccine on d 15 and 36 and were sampled on 6 d post challenge. SIAAD was determined by correcting apparent ileal AA digestibility for IEAA losses. Feed intake (FI) and BW gain were higher (P ≤ 0.05) in 21-day-old NCH birds compared to the 21-day-old CHA birds while 42-day-old birds had higher FI and BW gain than 21-day-old NCH and CHA birds. Ileal endogenous nitrogen loss was higher (P ≤ 0.05) in 42-day-old CHA birds compared to 42-day-old NCH birds. Apparent ileal AA digestibility in 21-day-old CHA birds was lower (P ≤ 0.05) than for 21-day-old NCH and 42-day-old NCH and CHA birds. SIAAD in 21-day-old CHA birds was lower (indispensable AA = 15.2 and dispensable AA = 17.8%-unit; P ≤ 0.05) than for 21-day-old NCH and 42-day-old NCH and CHA birds. Apparent ileal digestibility and total tract utilization of DM, N, and energy were not different between d 21 NCH and d 42 NCH and CHA birds but higher (P ≤ 0.05) than for d 21 CHA birds. Supplemental AA restored feed efficiency, but not BW gain, to that of the positive control (0.715 vs. 0.737). Results from Expt.1 showed that CVC significantly influenced ileal AA digestibility in 21-but not in 42-day-old birds. Expt. 2 showed that consideration of SIAAD in feed formulation may benefit feed efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1835
Number of pages11
JournalPoultry Science
Volume95
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Poultry Science Association Inc.

Keywords

  • broiler
  • coccidial vaccine challenge
  • endogenous amino acid
  • standardized digestibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of the effect of coccidial vaccine challenge on apparent and standardized ileal amino acid digestibility in grower and finisher broilers and its evaluation in 21-day-old broilers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this