Several recent observations provide the association of iron deficiency with pulmonary hypertension (PH) in human and animal studies. However, it remains completely unknown whether PH leads to iron deficiency or iron deficiency enhances the development of PH. In addition, it is obscure whether iron is associated with the development of pulmonary vascular remodeling in PH. In this study, we investigate the impacts of dietary iron restriction on the development of hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling in mice. Eight- to ten-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to chronic hypoxia for 4 weeks. Mice exposed to hypoxia were randomly divided into two groups and were given a normal diet or an iron-restricted diet. Mice maintained in room air served as normoxic controls. Chronic hypoxia induced pulmonary vascular remodeling, while iron restriction led a modest attenuation of this change. In addition, chronic hypoxia exhibited increased RV systolic pressure, which was attenuated by iron restriction. Moreover, the increase in RV cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area and RV interstitial fibrosis was observed in mice exposed to chronic hypoxia. In contrast, iron restriction suppressed these changes. Consistent with these changes, RV weight to left ventricular + interventricular septum weight ratio was increased in mice exposed to chronic hypoxia, while this increment was inhibited by iron restriction. Taken together, these results suggest that iron is associated with the development of hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling in mice.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Heart and Vessels|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the technical assistance of Sachi Ito and Kyoko Ogata. This study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (JSPS KAKENHI Grant no. 25460919) and grants from The Salt Science Research Foundation (no. 1544) and Takeda Science Foundation (to Y. Naito).
© 2016, Springer Japan.
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Right ventricular failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine