Ischemia/reperfusion-induced changes in membrane proteins and lipids of gerbil cortical synaptosomes

N. C. Hall, J. M. Carney, M. S. Cheng, D. A. Butterfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


The effects of transient bilateral carotid occlusion on the physical state of synaptosomal membrane proteins and lipids were studied in adult and aged gerbils employing electron paramagnetic resonance. Transient ischemia was produced in adult and aged gerbils by bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries with reperfusion times ranging from 0 to 24 h. Synaptosomes of the cerebral cortices were isolated and labeled with a protein-specific spin probe (2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-maleimido-piperidine-1-oxyl) and a lipid-specific spin probe (5-doxylstearic acid). Changes in the physical state of the protein peaked at 60 min reperfusion for both adult and aged gerbil models, with a more intense change in aged, but did not return to control values by 24 h. A biphasic change occurred with the lipid-specific label in both the aged and adult models. The onset of the first phase of change occurred at an earlier time (30 min reperfusion) for aged gerbil tissue than for adult tissue (between 3 and 6 h reperfusion), while the second phase of change occurred at 12 h reperfusion for both adult and aged. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation are direct results of free radicals produced during the reperfusion following ischemia and that protein oxidation may be intensified by peroxidation of the surrounding lipids. Phospholipase A2 activation is implicated to cause changes in membrane phospholipid organization as seen in these studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements--This work was supported by grants from NIH (AG-10836) and NSF (EHR-9108764; CTS-9307518), and a research contract from Centaur Pharmaceuticals.


  • 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-maleimidopiperidine-1-oxyl
  • 5-NS
  • 5-doxylstearic acid
  • EDTA
  • EGTA
  • HWHH
  • IRI
  • MAL-6
  • N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine- N′-2-ethanesulfonic acid
  • PMSF
  • ethylenediaminetetra-acetate
  • ethyleneglycoltetra-acetate
  • half-width at half-height parameter
  • ischemia/ reperfusion injury
  • phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Ischemia/reperfusion-induced changes in membrane proteins and lipids of gerbil cortical synaptosomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this