Fibroblasts/myofibroblasts (MFs) have been gaining increasing attention for their role in pathogenesis and their contributions to both wound healing and promotion of the tumor microenvironment. While there are currently many techniques for the isolation of MFs from gastrointestinal (GI) tissues, this protocol introduces a novel element of isolation of these stromal cells from frozen tissue. Freezing GI tissue specimens not only allows the researcher to acquire samples from worldwide collaborators, biobanks, and commercial vendors, it also permits the delayed processing of fresh samples. The described protocol will consistently yield characteristic spindle-shaped cells with the MF phenotype that express the markers CD90, α-SMA and vimentin. As these cells are derived from patient samples, the use of primary cells also confers the benefit of closely mimicking MFs from disease states-namely cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases. This technique has been validated in gastric, small bowel, and colonic MF primary culture generation. Primary MF cultures can be used in a vast array of experiments over a number of passage and their purity assessed by both immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry analysis.
|Journal||Journal of Visualized Experiments|
|State||Published - Jan 31 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Institute of Health (1R01DK103150-01A1, T32 DK007639, R01CA175803, K08CA125209) and the Institute for Translational Sciences at the University of Texas Medical Branch, and a Clinical and Translational Science Award (8UL1TR000071).
© 2016 Journal of Visualized Experiments.
- Developmental biology
- Gastrointestinal tract
- Issue 107
- Mesenchymal stromal cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuroscience (all)
- Chemical Engineering (all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
- Immunology and Microbiology (all)